Department of Pathology
PURPOSE AND SCOPE
Over the last 20 years, great efforts wwithin the Department of Pathology havebeen conducted by Faculty members, not only to evaluate the profile ofcancer cases coming to be managed at the NCI, but also to study in depththe different clinicopathologic criteria of such cases. Cancer Pathology Registry was originally developed by the Department ofPathology at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) since 1985. NCI of CairoUniversity is a large referral center draining the Cairo Metropolitan area aswell as other parts of the country. The hospital receives a big number ofpatients, of which about 80% are presented to the Department of Pathologyfor tissue diagnoses.
• Department has 30 Faculty members, 15 Teaching assistants and Fellows, 30 Technicians, and 20 administrative personnel.
• Department serves 12,000 patients per year. Department serves Free, insured and paid patients
• Receives the samples from:
Patients’ Slides from outpatient clinic for consultation by NCI Pathologists before they are admitted to NCI for any procedure
New Cairo (Tagamo3) NCI Hospital
Automated immunostaining Lab:
That performs high-volume, automated immunohistochemistry for diagnostic and predictive markers of tumors.
Laboratory Information System (LIS):
The hospital information system hosts the signed-out reports of the Surgical Pathology Unit
Cytology (or Cytopathology):
• Samples that are sent to the Cytology Unit include:
Fine needle aspiration Cytology (FNAC)
Radio diagnosis guided (Most of the cases) (where the pathologist attend the procedure to ensure adequacy of the sample)
Clinic (Breast & Thyroid)
Effusions, Sputum, CSF
Molecular Pathology (or Molecular Diagnostics):
Molecular pathology uses polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methodologies, FISH, CISH, and Flow cytometry techniques.
Pathology Education and Training:
Graduate Doctorate Degree is offered in Cancer Pathology for Masters ofScience graduates in the field of Pathology. Customized Training sessions arealso offered for fellows from medical institutes and cancer centers inEgyptian and Arab Universities and Ministry of Health.
Scheduled weekly sessions focus on Case presentations in Surgical Pathologyand Cytopathology, didactic lectures in Cytopathology, Molecular Pathology and Quality Assurance.
These sessions include our own faculty and trainnees, as well as guest faculty from other departments.
Pathology Research Goals:
The Department of Pathology shares in achieving the National CancerInstitute Research goals by several research activities, among which are:
To correlate pathologic response of solid tumors to therapy as well as overallsurvival with tissue markers that are involved in disease progression.
Pathology department is crucial in collection of tissue samples and supplyingoptimal conditions for tissue preservation in order to establish Biobank usefulfor different research activities.